Everest Base Camp Trekking: A Complete Guide

Out of many trekking destinations, most people’s first choice will undoubtedly be Everest Base Camp. What makes Everest Base Camp Trek beautiful is its amazing mountain views, lifestyle of renowned mountain climbers Sherpas, Sagarmatha National Park and eye catching high altitude based Buddhist monasteries. The average duration to complete the trekking is 15-18 days.

The two base camps South and North Base Camp which lie on the opposite sides of the highest mountain of the world, Mount Everest is an interesting place to travel. The south base camp lies at the high altitude of 5364 meters. Likewise, the north base camp lies in Tibet at an altitude of 5150 meters. Both sides base camp has become one of the popular trekking routes, for trekkers. Thousands of people take a break from their busy schedule and visit Everest each year. After landing to capital city Kathmandu, trekkers travel to Lukla by plane.

Trekkers have no option of traveling to Lukla by any transport besides flying down to the desired place by plane. Around 40,000 people trek from Lukla Airport to Everest Base Camp annually. After reaching to Lukla, trekkers have to climb up to Namche Bazaar which stands at an altitude of 3440 meters. After two days of climbing, they will reach to the village which is taken as central a hub place.

Resting a day, they have to trek for two days to reach to Dingboche which lies at the height of 4260 meters. Trekkers have to trek for another two days before reaching to Everest Base Camp following Gorakshep.

Everest Base Camp Trek Highlight

An amazing close view of the highest peak of the world, Mount Everest is the major highlight of Everest Base Camp. While traveling to Lukla by Kathmandu, trekkers can view many eye-catching scenes. Likewise, the most loved Sherpa Culture and traditions is another highlighting point of this trekking spot. There is an addition of Sherpa museums and monasteries which are made for trekkers and mountain climbers. In a similar way, a trip to Kalapathar is another major fun part of this Camp.

Trekkers can enjoy the spectacular scenes trekking up to the height of 5545 meters. They can find many informative guides who will uncover many untold historical stories about mystical sights. In addition of Mount Everest, people can enjoy the view of other mountains like Lhotse, Nuptse, Ama Dablam and Changtse. Namche Bazaar is another specific place to visit. Trekkers can find many useful items at the huge market town of Namche Bazaar.

Anyone can visit and have fun at Everest Base Camp. But when comes to define one specific age group who can take this trip as special one are 14-65. It is not that people who are over age cannot enjoy this trek. Those who don’t have any health issues can definitely enjoy this mystical base camp trip.

How Difficult is the Everest Base Camp Trek

The major difficult part of Everest Base Camp is its high altitude. Every individual people should think twice to climb the high mountain base camp if he has serious mountain sickness problem.

A journey to base camp trek starts from the height of 3000 meters of Lukla. After some point of crossing Lukla, the speed of wind and coldness increases. When reaching at 5364 meters high Everest base camp, trekkers will feel more difficulty in breathing.

Although it is quite fun to trek at the highest point base camp, it is risky as well. Trekkers must carry necessary itinerary items considering their comfort zone. Most necessarily trekkers should a carry medical box for an emergency.

Some specific training course or exercise to the body makes trekking at Everest Base Camp easy. Trekkers should be ready to face every consequence at the time of taking first footsteps to the end point of trekking. So, preparing your body to fit and several exercise routines will be surely an advantage for climbers. Though it doesn’t mean that who have not gone through training or exercise wouldn’t make it. Training just makes easy while making way to the real trekking spot.

Necessary Permits for Everest Base Camp Trek

Those who are looking to have a fun of trekking in Everest Base Camp have to fulfill three requirements. That is the fulfillment of TIMS Card, Gaurishankar National Park Entry Permit, and Everest National Park Ticket.

1. Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) Card:

Trekkers must get TIMS Card to trek to Everest Base Camp. For fulfilling the requirement of a card, an individual must need to submit two copies of their passport pictures. If anyone wishes to trek in a restricted area, they have to take restricted area permit.

The cost of trekking at Everest Base Camp varies upon the agency and independent effort. The average cost to get TIMS Card is around $8-12 if an agency help is taken. But if people desire to travel without the help of any agent, they have to spend around $18-24.

There are mainly three TIMS Cards. They are organized, individual and SAARC Country TIMS card. Organized TIMS Card’s color is blue and costs around $8-12. Likewise, Individual TIMS Card’s color is Green which costs around $18-22. The third card SAARC Country TIMS Card’s color is Red which has minimum cost among three around $2-4.

2. Gaurishankar National Park Entry Permit:

This card is necessary to trek from Jiri to Everest Base Camp. Each person should issue their card from Kathmandu before making way to Jiri. If any individual trekkers issue their card permits at the checkpoint Shivalaya, he/she has to pay double amount around $38-42.

For filling up the form, trekkers need to submit their passport size picture. There is no difference in cost for individual and organized person. However, a special discount is given for SAARC people.

3. Everest National Park Ticket:

This is required for people who want to view the Mount Everest closely as the highest peak is located inside of Sagarmatha National Park. Interested people must show National Park entry permit card to staffs appointed at the checkpoint of Monjo. There are other checkpoints where permit card is necessary to make entry.

The average cost to visit at Park is same for both individual and organized trekkers which are around $28-32. Unlike Gaurishankar National Park Entry Permit, there is boundary made that the card must be issued from Kathmandu. It can also be issued directly from Jiri.

Everest Base Camp Weather

Like we all know, Everest is based at the high-altitude place. So, trekkers will feel very cold there. However, temperature doesn’t remain same in all months.

Everest Base Camp Weather in Spring (March/ April/ May/ June)

The temperature will be 10 to 20 degrees from March to May. It is known as the season of spring climbing. In this season, the wind starts to decline to around 5 to 6 mph. Trekkers don’t choose this time for trekking at top of Mount Everest because of unpredictable weather conditions and low humidity. However, trekkers can have fun trekking at the base camp and Khumbu valley.

From the month of May, the temperature starts to increase. At this time, a summit climbing is open for trekkers from mid- May to early June. The temperature at base camp during May to June is around 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

Everest Base Camp Weather in Monsoon Season (July / August through Mid-September)

The temperature remains stable from July to September. Estimated temperature is around 25-30 degrees Fahrenheit at this time. Despite that, it is not considered as the best time to trek at top of Everest. At the base camp, the humidity will reach near to around 100% daily. Because of that, there will be snowfall and rainfall.

Everest Base Camp Weather in Autumn (End of September / October /


Trekkers generally wait for October to climb and have a fun of trekking. It is known as the season of Autumn Climbing. During this time, the temperature reaches near to 10-16 degrees Fahrenheit. The weather at the base camp remains balmy with the wind speed of 5-7 mph. Interested and brave people can enjoy climbing the summit from October 1-20.

Everest Base Camp Weather – The Off-Season (Late November / December/ January/ February)

The most unwanted and dangerous season for trekking at Mount Everest starts in late November. The temperature is around 0-4 degrees Fahrenheit at day time. The temperature gets very cold at night time. This time is also known as Off-Season.

The wind is another considering point which makes think twice before making a decision of trekking in this season. The wind speed is estimated to be round 8-12 mph at the base camp. There is also strong possibility of hurricane force winds traveling all around the summit. At the peak, the temperature is estimated to be around -148 degrees. So there is no possibility of climbing at this season. However, reaching Everest Base Camp is still accessible due to its mild temperature.

Best Time to Travel Everest Base Camp Trekking

There is both thrill and excitement trekking at Everest. Daring to climb the world’s highest peak and its base camp is not a joke. One might lose hope of living in the mid-way of trekking at Everest due to its cold and humid weather. However, for brave and those who have strong desire to have one-time experience of viewing the sight of Everest it will surely be easy.

Now the question is what time will be perfect for climbing the Everest. Some months are preferred as suitable and easy for trekking at Everest base camp. It is said that during the month of March-May and August-September trekker’s will not have much difficulty than other months. At these seasons, the days will be clear which will give a perfect looking view of Mount Everest.

Likewise, trekkers will capture the perfect picture of high altitude Himalayas both at the day and night time. During the month of March to May, there will not be much cold as compared to other months. Due to that, the view of the peak of Everest will be very clear.

Similarly, the month of October and November is considered as the best among other months. At this season, the monsoon passes and winter move in. Due to this, there is a possibility of viewing the best state of Mount Everest. The number of climbers and trekkers will also be more in this season comparing to March-May.

Hiring a Guide and a Porter

Trekkers might feel difficulty walking down all the areas of high altitude mountains alone. Taking help from the local people or other who knows that place very well can be a great advantage. In the same way, taking a porter by your side to carry your luggage will feel you much comfort and relax.

Trekking at Everest Base Camp is really a difficult job. It’s not a child task. Without the help of porter and guide, it will be a great pain for trekkers. Those who are in need of porter and guide can take help from trekking agency. The cost of trekker is different according to each person. However, the estimated charge taken by porter and guide is around $25-30. The cost includes salary, accommodation, food, and insurance. Although, the porter and guide will charge their transportation cost separately.

If people are interested in taking a guide for Everest Base Camp, the best suggestion is to hire from Kathmandu. The people will have full knowledge and explanation of each area. Trekkers can manage porter from Lukla as it will be easy and less costly than bringing porter from all along from Kathmandu to Everest Base Camp.

Trekking agencies are helping many trekkers providing a well-trained guide. But for this, they have a specific amount to them. With bargaining, the trekking guide charges around $600-800. However, the price doesn’t include other costs like traveling, meals, permits, visa fees, trekking equipment and other.

Likewise, if trekkers want to hire an independent guide without taking the help of trekking agency, they have to pay around $400-500. The cost includes only guiding and showing the way to the Everest Base Camp. This doesn’t include other costs like traveling, accommodation, meal cost, visa fees and travel insurance.

The average cost price that trekkers have to pay to porters is around $150-400. Porters are supposed to carry only about 20-25 kg of their equipment. They are only to carry the equipment not guiding them. Trekkers may hire Porter as their guide as well for saving little amount. However, this is not a good idea at all if you are trekking for the first time. People might get lost their way with porters who are not supposed to guide the trekkers.

Everest Base Camp Trekking Cost

The trekking cost at Everest Base Camp is fixed considering various things. The number of days trekker are willing to travel, the time or season, travel agent, online agent and what type of trek they want to trek, these all things determine the trekking cost.

It is generally seen that trekkers who deal with a local agency are benefited than with an international agency. International agents will charge more money in comparison to local agents.

There is also an option of booking trek online. There are both positive and negative aspects linked with online booking. Trekker doesn’t need to worry if they are stuck at some place. Online booking agents will pre-arrange all plans for trekkers again if such events occur. However, there is a negative aspect as well. Trekkers have to pay a premium for such unintentional events.

The price charged for each person is around $1200-$5000 through online agents. If trekkers want to save their money and have the fun of trekking at low cost, the best option is to buy package tour with a trekking company. The average price charged for each person is around $1400-1700 if package tour option is selected.

Everything is managed by the trekking company such as accommodation, meals, and another arrangement. Trekkers don’t have to worry anything about their upcoming trips and plans.

After selecting trekking agents, the cost price of flight needs to be considered. Generally, it is estimated that around $180-190 is charged for flying from Kathmandu to Lukla. Trekkers need to bear accommodation charge as well after reaching the desired location.

The cost price of tea houses at Everest Base Camp is around Rs100-Rs200 ($1-$2). However, the prices might increase after reaching to next trail. There is a different facility of accommodation at each lodge and guest houses. Trekkers have to pay extra Rs200-Rs300 ($2-$3) for a hot shower.

Likewise, the cost price of the room also differs in different seasons. During off peak season, the price charged for a single room is lower than other seasons. On the other hand, during peak seasons the prices are set high for a single. It is estimated that the trekkers have to pay for a single room in average is around $2-6. If you can afford more money, there is a facility of high-end luxury lodges as well which cost around $100-300 per night.

Trekkers also have to pay the cost of meals and water at Everest Base Camp. The average cost of Dal Bhat is around 200-800 rupees ($2-$8). For drinking bottle of water, they have to pay in average 50-200 rupees. There will also be an inclusion cost of the guide which is around $30-40.

How to Prevent Altitude Sickness on Everest Base Camp

Some people might face a problem of altitude sickness while trekking at Everest Base Camp. If such events take place, people can adopt different ideas or precautions to prevent from altitude sickness.

Drinking 5 liters of water per day can prevent altitude sickness. The body needs water when you are doing extra work and less oxygen. Few glasses of water might relief people from altitude sickness.

Another best option to prevent from altitude sickness is to climb high and sleep low. Climbing to the top hill areas and returning down to low hill areas to take rest and sleep will surely help people from altitude sickness.

When your body is working too hard, you should get many carbohydrates food as needed. It would be better if people having altitude sickness will put snicker bars or chocolates in their pocket and eat as much as they can.

Everyone has their own capacity of bearing pain. Putting too much effort and giving more pain to a body can be seriously harmful. If anyone’s body gives up all its effort and cannot take more suffocation, they can simply listen to their body and take their step back. Staying hydrated, avoiding alcohol and other essential substances will also help people to stay safe from altitude sickness.

How to Train for Everest Base Camp Trek

People should train themselves before taking their step into Everest Base Camp. They can adopt different training methods before preparing themselves for trekking there.

1. Practice of climbing high hill

Daily practice of climbing a high hill will boost up stamina and make you ready for real climbing. Average hiking of around 10-15 km will be the best option for practice.

2. Climbing stairs to make thigh and calf strong

Climbing the stairs of your house or building will help to make your thigh and calf strong. In fact, it will be the perfect exercise for trekking at Everest Base Camp by practicing to climb stairs on the repetitive basis at your own residential area.

3. Join Gym Classes

To enhance your strength and pain bearing capacity, a gym is the best option. Spending more time at a gym will make you physically strong. It will be an overall exercise of your whole body which includes your arms and legs. Doing lots of squats and other gym exercises give you complete change over in your strength.

4. Walking on treadmill

Giving your legs an exercise by walking on the treadmill will be an advantage for making your legs strong. You have to walk long distance while trekking. So continuous walking at the treadmill helps you capable of trekking at the difficult areas like Everest Base Camp.

Luxury Everest Base Camp Trekking

One of the most favorite trekking destinations Everest Base Camp has many luxurious things to offer besides its amazing mountain scenarios. There are many high-quality lodges and guesthouses built at Khumbu region which makes each trekker feel as luxurious.

The trek begins with an exciting flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. After walking down from Lukla viewing many stunning views with world famous Sherpas, trekkers will reach to their desired destination Everest Base Camp. In the way of traveling to Base Camp, trekkers will get a chance to visit Sherpa Villages in Khumbu and Namche Bazaar which is the resemblance of vibrant heart of the Sherpa Country.

People can also enjoy views of main monasteries of Khumbu region based on the area of Thame and Tengboche. The major highlighting point of the trek is the peak point Kala Pathar which is often known as the panoramic viewpoint of top three mountains Lhotse, Everest, and Nuptse.

Many luxurious lodges and guesthouses are accessible at the base camp area for making trekkers comfortable. They are served with the best services by the lodge staffs. Healthy and delicious meals are provided for them which will boost up their power for climbing Everest. Well, facilitated accommodation houses and services are also made available for them.

Well, trained guide and porters are also provided to trekkers for their guidance. With the help of a well experienced guide, trekking at Everest Base Camp will be easy. These all facility makes all trekkers feel this trekking journey as luxurious and comfortable as they feel at their own house.

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  1. Bablofil July 16, 2017

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